Trifoliate Orange/Bitter Orange/Hardy Orange

Scientific name: Poncirus trifoliat
Abundance: plentiful
What: Mature fruit
How: juice and zest as seasoning and as a lemonade replacement
Where: partially shady woods
When: late fall
Nutritional Value: Vitamin C
Other uses: The the twisted and intertwined branches covered in sharp 2" long spines make this a great security hedge. This tree is used as a root-stock for grafting other citrus fruits.

Trifoliate oranges.
TriOrange1

Full-sized, though not yet ripe fruit.
TriOrange2

Close-up of flowers.
TrifoliateOrangeFlower

Trifolate orange leaves. Note the three (tri) leaves (foliate) on each stem.
TrifolateOrange

The golf ball sized fruit of this tree ripens to a yellow color in the fall about the time the tree loses its leaves. This fruit is extremely sour so only a little bit is needed for flavoring. There is no edible flesh inside the fruit, just a large number of seeds. For maximum amount of juice, let it sit for two weeks after picking before squeezing.

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