Scientific name: Crataegus opaca
Abundance: uncommon
What: ripe fruit
How: raw (tart), preserves, tea
Where: woods, swamps, landscaping, abandoned areas
When: spring
Nutritional Value: very high in vitamin C and minerals

Leaf Arrangement: Leaves are arranged alternately along the stems.

Leaf Shape: Simple, usually slightly-lobed leaves with a length ranging from 1.5 to 3 inches.

Leaf Color: Foliage is typically green, with some variation in shades.

Leaf Margin: Shallowly-lobed leaves with dentate (rounded tooth-like) margins.

Flower Structure: Mayhaw trees produce clusters of small, white or pinkish flowers consisting of 5 petals and numerous stamen.

Flower Size: Individual flowers are usually less than an inch in diameter.

Fruit: Apple-like fruits are typically small, ranging from 0.5 to 0.75 inches in diameter.

Seed Size: Seeds are small and usually less than 0.2 inches, resembling their close relative, apple seeds.

Bark: Bark is often mottled grayish and becomes more fissured as the tree matures. 

Thorns: Thorns up to 2" long adorn the trunk and branches.

Height: Mayhaw trees can range from 15 to 30 feet in height.

Hairs: Leaves may have a slight fuzziness. 

Mayhaw flowers (February in Houston).



Mayhaw fruit (April/May in Houston).




Mayhaw leaves )alternating along stem).


Mayhaw thorn.

Mayhaw trunk/bark.

Texas distribution for Mayhaws, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. The marked counties are guidelines only. Plants may appear in other counties, especially if used in landscaping.

North American distribution for Mayhaws, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture.

Look for Mayhaw shrubs/small trees in the nastiest swamps you can find for those will have the best-tasting fruit. They like moist, somewhat acid soils. The Big Thicket area of Texas is their ideal habitat. Mayhaws lose their leaves in the fall and remain mostly leafless even when their flowers appear in mid-winter. Being one of the many Crataegus species, their blooms and fruit resemble apples, another family member. The fruit is bright red when ripe but the flesh is soft like a plum. The seeds are tiny.

Mayhaw fruit has a wonderful tart-sweet flavor and Mayhaw jelly is a very popular treat here in Texas. The fruit are high in pectin so the jelly usually doesn't need additional pectin but if possible try a small batch first to confirm this for your fruit. The darker the fruit the more tart it will taste, which most people prefer for making jelly.

The chopped, dried fruit can be used to make a tea in the same manner as rose hip tea. The Mayhaw fruit are high in vitamin C so this tea is very nutritious.

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