Wood's Ear Mushrooms

Scientific Name(s): Auricularia americana
Abundance: uncommon
What: mushroom body
How: in soup
Where: dead trees, especially elderberry trunks
When: spring, summer, fall, winter
Nutritional Value: protein, iron, calcium, phosphorous
Dangers: don not mistake Raisin Jelly Cup (Ascotremella faginea) for Wood's Ears.


Growth Form: Auricularia americana, known as "jelly ear," grows in clusters on hardwood or conifer wood, often in cooler, wet conditions.

Cap Shape and Size: Cap is wavy, ear-shaped to irregular, approximately 1 to 4 inches across, thinner than 1/4", and attached to wood along one strip.

Gills or Pores: Lacks gills or pores, features a finely hairy lower surface when young.

Stipe Characteristics: Does not have a stipe.

Odor: Not distinctive.

Bruising: Does not show bruising (color change) when scratched or pressed.

Spore Color: Produces white spores.

Substrate and Habitat: Saprobic on decaying hardwood; found in spring, summer, and fall.

Other Characteristics: Upper surface brown to fuzzy gray and less wrinkled than underside. Lower surface is dark brown and smooth skinned but with ridges.

Clusters of Wood's Ear mushrooms. Note the gray tops and brown/dark purple undersides.
Mushroom Wood's Ear

Mushroom Wood's Ear

Mushroom Wood's Ear

Mushroom Wood's Ear

Close-up of the topside and edge of Wood's Ear.
Mushroom Wood's Ear

Close-up of the bottom side. Note the ridges just like a human's ear.
Mushroom Wood's Ear

Assorted Wood's Ear ready for cooking.
Mushroom - Wood's Ear

The only public lands you can legally harvest mushrooms are National forests and grasslands.

Mushrooms of all types spring up after a heavy rains but few are as distinctive as the brown-gray, rubbery Wood's Ear. They appear only on dead wood which they slowly break down. Wood Ear mushrooms prefer the dead trunks of Elderberry bushes but pretty much any hardwood can be overrun by these oddities of nature any time of the year as long as hard rains have recently fallen. Shady areas are more likely to have a growth of Wood's Ear as these cooler spots don't dry out as quickly.

Wood Ear's actually do look like ears in size and rough shape. Often they will form upside down cup shapes when young (~1" across) and then widening out into broad fans as they mature. However big they grow these mushroom never thicken, remaining under 1/4" thick. The topside of these mushrooms is usually gray and powdery. Underneath they are shiny, dark-brown to very dark-purple. Held up to the light Wood's Ear are semi-translucent rather than opaque.

If the rains stop and dry weather appears the Wood's Ear mushrooms will shrink down to half their size and harden into a shell-like mass. Once shrunk, the gray exterior is still easily recognized. These dried mushrooms can be harvested from the tree and stored for use later.

Wood's Ear mushrooms are the traditional Black mushrooms used in Chinese Hot and Sour soup. Tasteless by themselves, they readily absorb the flavors of whatever broth they are immersed. Cut the mushrooms, either fresh or dried, into finger-sized strips and add them to soups, hot pots, pot roasts, or any other dish that involves a broth.

Beware the somewhat similar looking Raisin Jelly Cup Mushrooms. The inedible Jelly Cups grow as lumpy, brain-like clumps instead of the flat, ear-like shape of Wood's Ear mushrooms.

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