Scientific name: Rosa species
Abundance: common
What: flowers, fruit at base of flower
How: both flowers and rose hips can be used in tea, jelly, additions to soup, stews, and salads
Where: yards, abandoned farms
When: fall
Nutritional Value: rose hips contain vitamin A,C,E,K and minerals
Other uses: good for giving to women after you've done something stupid
Dangers: remove seeds before using rose hips. 

Leaf Arrangement: The leaves are arranged alternately along the stems.

Leaf Shape: The leaves are pinnately compound, consisting of multiple leaflets. Each leaflet can vary in size, typically ranging from 1 to 3 inches in length and 0.5 to 1 inch in width.

Leaf Venation: The venation is generally pinnate, with a central vein running along the length of each leaflet, and smaller veins branching off to the sides.

Leaf Margin: The leaflets often have serrated or toothed margins.

Leaf Color: The leaves are typically green, and the color is uniform on both the upper and lower surfaces.

Flower Structure: The flowers are typically large and showy, consisting of multiple petals arranged in a rosette pattern. The flowers are located at the ends of the stems.

Flower Color: Roses come in a wide range of colors, including but not limited to red, pink, white, yellow, and orange.

Fruit: The fruit of the rose, known as a rose hip, is a small, round to oval structure that resembles a small apple and develops after the flower has been fertilized.

Seed: Rose hips contain numerous small seeds. The seeds are typically brown and are surrounded by fleshy tissue.

Stem: The stems of roses are often woody, with thorns or prickles along the length. The stems may vary in color, including shades of green, brown, or red.

Hairs: The leaves may have small, fine hairs, contributing to a slightly rough texture.

Height: The height of a rose plant can vary widely depending on the species or cultivar, ranging from a few feet for miniature roses to several feet for larger varieties.

Domestic roses

Domestic rose hips

Wild rose flower.

Wild rose stems.

Wild rose hips.

Assorted other types of rose hips

Texas distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. The marked counties are guidelines only. Plants may appear in other counties, especially if used in landscaping.

North American distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture.

Wild roses can be found growing along fences (barbwire or other types) across the Texas prairie and on old homesteads. They make a formidable barrier or security fence once well established. They are pretty much impervious to droughts, blistering heat, and cold winter frosts.

Rose petals make a colorful and flavorful addition to salads as well as a delicately-flavored jelly. Rose hips are a wonderful source of vitamin C and can be made into jam, jelly, or tea. The seeds inside these hips are covered with tiny, stiff hairs. You must remove the seeds before consuming the hips otherwise these hairs will cause irritation to you bum the next day...

Buy my book! Outdoor Adventure Guides Foraging covers 70 of North America's tastiest and easy to find wild edibles shown with the same big pictures as here on the Foraging Texas website.

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